- F - Glossary Terms


Ready to Explore Another Letter in Our Glossary? Click Below to Unlock a New World of Pet-tastic Terms!



Farm to table means that the food on the table (or in the bowl!) came directly from a specific farm, without going through a store, market, or distributor along the way. Similar phrases include locally-sourced, farm fresh, and farm-to-fork. Farm to table emphasizes a direct relationship between a farm rather than buying through a distributor or food service. These direct relationships can have a large impact on the quality and freshness as items will often be delivered directly within hours of being harvested.


Fat oxidation is the process of breaking down triglyceride fats into smaller molecules which can then be used as a source of energy. This process occurs primarily in the mitochondria of cells and is an important part of the body's energy metabolism.


Fat-soluble refers to a substance that can be dissolved in oils or fats. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are called fat-soluble vitamins because they are soluble in organic solvents and are absorbed and transported like that of fats.


Fatty acids are the building blocks of the fat in our bodies and in the food we eat. During digestion, the body breaks down fats into fatty acids, which can then be absorbed into the blood. Fatty acid molecules are usually joined together in groups of three, forming a molecule called a triglyceride. 


FBC (frequent buyer cards) serve as a valuable tool that reward shoppers for purchases that they have made during multiple visits. 


The FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, nations food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.


FEDIAF represents the European pet food industry and are fully committed to promoting responsible pet ownership, to the wellbeing of pet animals, to their important social role and to the respect of sustainable development. 


Fermentation is a metabolic process in which an organism converts a carbohydrate, such as starch or a sugar, into an acid or an alcohol - simply put, it is the process in which a substance breaks down into a simpler substance. Microorganisms like yeast and bacteria usually play a role in the fermentation process. 


Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that the body can't digest. Most carbohydrates are broken down into sugar molecules called glucose, fiber cannot be broken down into sugar molecules, and instead it passes through the body undigested. 


Food fillers are additives that bulk up the weight of a food with cheaper ingredients, which help keeps the price down.


Flagship is the most important product, idea, etc that an organization owns or produces. 


Food grade refers to the materials from which products are made. These food grade materials are ok to either consume or come in direct contact with food. Food grade materials are non-toxic and can be used within recommended temperature range. This includes non-plastic plastic materials used to create food manufacturing equipment. Food grade does not necessarily mean food safe.


Food safe products are made with food grade materials AND are a fit for their intended use and will not create any sort of safety hazard when used appropriately. For example, a food safe container made for storing dry food is perfectly safe for that application but should not be used to store hot liquids. 


 Food processing is any technique used to turn different foods into food products. This method can involve various processes in food industries development including washing, chopping, pasteurizing, freezing, fermenting, packaging, cooking, and many more. 


A food sensitive means that the digestive system has a hard time digesting food and that the gut is sensitive to certain foods and can't tolerate them. 


Food technology is the use of science in preparing and storing food, or the study of its use. This dynamic field harnesses the power of technology and innovation to revolutionize the way we produce, distribute, and consume food. 


Food therapyis the practice of using different foods and herbs to treat pets based on genetic tendencies, age, species, environment, personality, stress level, and disease patterns. From an Eastern perspective food and stress are frequently the root of disease. Food therapy addresses particular foods that are beneficial for specific problems within in the body. Some examples are Hot (ginger, cinnamon, mutton, and venison), Warm (chicken, ginseng), Neutral (dates, potato, pork), Cool (turkey, white fish), Cold (watermelon, banana, crab).


Fortification in food is the practice of deliberately increasing the content of one or more micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) to improve the nutritional quality of the food supply and provide a public health benefit with minimal risk to health. 


Fragrance is defined by the FDA as a combination of chemicals that gives each perfume or cologne its distinct scent. Fragrance ingredients may be derived from petroleum or natural raw materials. 


Free radicals are a type of unstable molecule that is made during normal cell metabolism, chemical changes that take place in a cell. Free radicals can build up in cells an cause damage to other molecules, such as DNA, lipids, and proteins. Free radicals are highly unstable molecules that have electrons available to react with various organic substrates. 


Freeze drying is a low temperature dehydration process that involves freezing the product and lowering pressure to remove the ice by sublimation. Freeze-dried does involve a freezing step but the end result is not a frozen product.


Fresh food is new food. It has been recently produced or picked. It hasn't been preserved or spoiled in any way. 


Fully or highly digestible food means pets can truly get the most out of their food as the majority of all nutrients in that recipe are available for the dog or cat to absorb and use within their body.


Functional ingredients offer health benefits that extend beyond their nutritional value. Some types contain supplements or other additional ingredients designed to improve health. 





We Value Your Contributions!

We're on a mission to make our Pet-tionary Glossary page as paw-some as possible, and we value your expertise! If you've got some pet-tastic terms or ideas bouncing around, share the love! Drop them in our contact form or shoot us an email. Let's create a glossary that's as fabulous as your pet's antics!


To top